The loading and release properties of exfoliated kaolinite/cellulose composite (EXK/CF) as a carrier for Oxaliplatin drug: cytotoxicity and release kinetics
Research Field: Material Technology/Pharmacology & Toxicology
The EXK/CF composite exhibited promising loading capacity and achieved an experimental value of 670 mg/g and an expected theoretical value of 704.4 mg/g. The loading behavior of OL using the EXK/CF composite followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the Langmuir equilibrium model, achieving an adsorption energy of 7.7 kJ/mol.
This suggested physisorption and homogeneous loading behavior of the OL molecules in a monolayer form. The release profile of OL from EXK/CF continued for about 100 h with maximum release percentages of 86.4 and 95.2% in the phosphate and acetate buffers, respectively. The determined diffusion exponent from the Korsmeyer–Peppas kinetic model suggested non-Fickian transport behavior of the OL molecules and releasing behavior controlled by erosion as well as diffusion mechanisms.
Regarding the cytotoxic effect, the EXK/CF composite has a high safety impact on the normal colorectal cells (CCD-18Co) and higher toxic impacts on the colorectal cancer cell (HCT116) than the free oxaliplatin drug.